All About Titanium Aerospace Metal


Titanium is 30% stronger than steel, but is nearly 50% lighter. Titanium is 60% heavier than aluminum, but twice as strong. Titanium has excellent strength retention to 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit. Titanium is alloyed with aluminum, manganese, iron, molybdenum and other metals to increase strength, to withstand high temperatures, and to lighten the resultant alloy. Titanium’s high corrosion resistance is also a valuable characteristic; as when exposed to the atmosphere, titanium forms a tight, tenacious oxide film that resists many corrosive materials, particularly salt water.


In the 1950s, the titanium metal industry was established primarily in response to the emerging aerospace industry, which used it in the manufacture of airframe structural components and skin, aircraft hydraulic systems, air engine components, rockets, missiles, and spacecraft, where these properties are invaluable. The military also uses titanium in its guided missiles and in artillery. Other practical applications have evolved over time such as shipbuilding: in submarines, ship’s propellers, shafts, rigging, and other highly corrosive parts. Titanium is being increasingly utilized for medical applications due to its lightweight, its strength, and its hypoallergenic properties, as titanium is also nickel free. Titanium products are becoming increasingly utilized in other industries as well, from petrochemical applications to sporting goods.


For more information or to receive a prompt titanium alloy price quote, please contact us at 800 398-4345 or 954-977-0666 or submit the Request Information form on the right side of this page.  






  Sizes: Sheet & Plate

.012 TO 4.00 X r/w X R/L

Sizes: Coil

.001 to .011 x R/W x R/L

6AL-4V, 6AL-4V ELI AMS-4911, 4907,4905, MIL-T-9046, ASTM-F136
  DMS-1592, GM-3103,12TM-B265
6AL-2SN-4ZR-2MO AMS,4919, MIL-T-9046, DMS-2275, AMS-T-9046
  GM-3104, B50TF21
6AL-6V-2SN AMS-4918, MIL-T-9046, DMS-1879, AMS-T-9046
5AL-2.55N, 5-2.5 ELI AMS-4909, 4910, MIL-T-9046, AMS-T-9046
BAL-IMO-1V AMS-4915, 4916, DMS-1784
CP-GRADES 1,2,3,4 AMS-4900, 4902
  MIL-T-9046, AMS-T-9046, DMS-1536, ASTM-B265
15V-3CR-3SN-3AL AMS-4914




  Sizes: Sheet & Plate

Full Range of sizes in
all grades

6AL-4V, 6AL-4V ELI AMS-4928, 4930,4965, 4967, MIL-T-9047, AMS-T-9047,
6AL-2SN-4ZR-2MO AMS04975, MIL-T-9047, AMS-T-9047
6AL-6V-25SN AMS-4978, MIL-T-9047, AMS-T-9047
5AL-2.55N AMS-4926, 4966, MIL-T-9047, AMS-T-9047, B50TF22
8AL-1MO-IV AMS-4972, 4973, MIL-T-9047, AMS-T-9047
CP-GRADES 1,2,3,4,7 AMS-4921, MIL-9047, ASTM-B-348, ASTM-F-67




  Sizes: Sheet & Plate

Full Range of sizes in
all grades

CP-GRADES 2,3,4 AMS-4941, 4942, BMS-7-21, DMS-1872, 1874, 1898
3AL-2.5V AMS-4943, 4944, 4945, DMS-2241, B50TF35,




  Sizes: Sheet & Plate

Full Range of sizes in
all grades

6AL-4V AMS-4934, 4935, MIL-T-81556
6AL-6V-25N AMS-4937, MIL-T-81556





GR.1 BS 2TA 1 T-35 3.7024
GR.2 BS 2TA 2 T-40 3.7034
GR.3 DTD5023 T-50 3.7054
GR.4 BS 2TA 6 T-60 3.7064




Titanium Grade 1 is an unalloyed, low strength titanium product containing low oxygen with high formability; this titanium grade is used in airframes, heat exchangers and desalination units.


Titanium Grade 2 is an unalloyed, medium strength titanium product. This titanium grade is used in airframes, aircraft engines, and marine parts; good weldability and corrosion resistance are its distinguishing characteristics.


Titanium Grade 3 is an unalloyed, high strength, titanium product providing excellent corrosion resistance and good weldability. This titanium grade is primarily used in airframe and aircraft engine parts.


Titanium Grade 4 is the highest strength pure unalloyed titanium product. This titanium grade is used almost exclusively for airframe, aircraft engine parts, marine, surgical implants, hydraulic tubing. Good formability and corrosion resistance are its hallmark.


Titanium Grade 5 (6AL-4V)is an alloyed titanium product containing 6% Aluminum and 4% Vanadium; is a medium strength product. This titanium grade is predominantly used in airframe and turbine engine parts; and for use in surgical implants. Technical Info


Titanium 6AL – 4V ELI is an alloyed titanium product containing 6% Aluminum and 4% Vanadium, ELI (Extra Low Interstitial).


6AL–2Sn–4Zr–2Mo (6-2-4-2)is an alloyed titanium product containing 6% Aluminum, 2% Tin, 4% Zirconium, 2% Molybdenum.


6AL–6V–2Sn (6-6-2)is an alloyed titanium product containing 6% Aluminum, 6% Vanadium, 2% Tin.


5AL–2.5Sn & ELI (5-2.5)is an alloyed titanium product containing 5% Aluminum and 2.5% Tin. Also ELI (Extra Low Interstitial).


8AL–1V–1Mo (8-1-1)is an alloyed titanium product containing 8% Aluminum, 1% Molybdenum and 1% Vanadium.


15V–3Cr–4AL–3Sn (15-3-3-3)is an alloyed titanium product containing 15% Vanadium, 3% Chromium, 4% Aluminum, 3% Tin.







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Aerospace Titanium


Titanium was originally discovered by amateur scientist William Gregor in 1791 as a reddish brown calx he could not identify. In 1795, Austrian chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth identified titanium as an entirely new element and named it Titanium after the Greek Gods known as Titans. The Titans were strong and giant deities in Greek mythology and is the root of many words, such as titanic, words associated with great size and strength.


Titanium is a naturally occurring element found in the minerals rutile, sphene, ilmenite, and in titanates and many iron ores; titanium is the ninth most abundant element found in the crust of the earth. Titanium is also found in meteorites, in the sun, and in rocks obtained from the moon. Titanium, when pure, is a bright, lustrous white metal. The extraction of titanium from the ores in which it is found is a slow and very costly process, making titanium quite expensive.


Wilhelm Kroll is widely recognized as the father of the modern titanium industry. In the 1930s and 40s, he developed the method of manufacturing titanium metal still used today and known as the ‘Kroll Method’. The Kroll method involves creating a titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4) via a process of fractional distillation: the action of chlorine and carbon upon the rutile or ilmenite in which it is found. This titanium tetrachloride is then ultimately reduced to the metallic titanium using magnesium. Excess magnesium is removed from this product with water and hydrochloric acid, leaving a ’titanium sponge’. This ‘titanium sponge’ can then be melted into titanium castings, titanium bars, and other forms using helium or argon. Air is excluded from this process to prevent contamination. The metal burns in air and is the only element that burns in nitrogen.




Technical Data Links



Titanium Grade 1

Titanium Grade 1, Annealed

Titanium Grade 2

Titanium Grade 2, Annealed

Titanium Grade 3

Titanium Grade 3, Annealed

Titanium Grade 4

Titanium Grade 4, Annealed

Titanium Grade 7

Titanium Grade 7, Annealed

Titanium Ti-15V-3Cr-3Al-3Sn Solution Treated

Titanium Ti-15V-3Cr-3Al-3Sn ST 790°C, Aged 480°C

Titanium Ti-15V-3Cr-3Al-3Sn ST 850°C (1560°F), Aged 545°C

Titanium Ti-3Al-2.5V, alpha annealed

Titanium Ti-3Al-2.5V, Alpha-Beta Anneal, Quenched

Titanium Ti-3Al-2.5V, Beta-Anneal 950°C

Titanium Ti-3Al-2.5V, ST 925°C, Aged 480°C

Titanium Ti-5Al-2.5Sn

Titanium Ti-5Al-2.5Sn, ELI, Annealed

Titanium Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo, Duplex Annealed

Titanium Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo, Sheet

Titanium Ti-6Al-4V (Grade 5), Annealed

Titanium Ti-6Al-4V (Grade 5), Annealed Bar

Titanium Ti-6Al-4V (Grade 5), ELI, Annealed

Titanium Ti-6Al-4V (Grade 5), STA

Titanium Ti-6Al-4V (Grade 5), STA Bar

Titanium Ti-6Al-6V-2Sn Annealed

Titanium Ti-6Al-6V-2Sn STA 870°C/565°C

Titanium Ti-6Al-6V-2Sn STA 910°C/540°C

Titanium Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V

Titanium Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V Annealed 8 hr at 790°C (1450°F)

Titanium Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V Duplex Anneal

Titanium Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V, Beta Annealed, Aged

Titanium Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V, Beta Solution Treated

Titanium Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V, ST 980°C (1800°F), Aged 595°C



ASM Aerospace Specification Metals Inc.
2501 N.W. 34th Place #B29
Pompano Beach, Florida 33069
(954) 977-0666